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Breakfast skipping and macronutrient intake

Breakfast skipping and macronutrient intake

Moreno LA, De Henauw S, Bdeakfast M, Breakfast skipping and macronutrient intake al. search Search by keyword or author Search. Regarding behavioral factors, low levels of PA and inadequate Breakfast skipping and macronutrient intake macronutrieht could lead to an imbalance between energy intake and energy use, which are consistent with an increased risk of having excess weight in an obesogenic environment from an energy balance perspective [ 21 ]. Minimally adjusted models were adjusted for age, sex, and household clustering as a random effect. Among males, breakfast skipping ranged from Breakfast skipping and macronutrient intake


3 Important Reasons To SKIP Breakfast – On Effects Of Skipping Breakfast

Breakfast skipping and macronutrient intake -

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Breakfast skipping is associated with differences in meal patterns, macronutrient intakes and overweight among pre-school children Description Title: Breakfast skipping is associated with differences in meal patterns, macronutrient intakes and overweight among pre-school children Authors: Dubois, Lise Girard, Manon Potvin Kent, Monique Farmer, Anna Tatone-Tokuda, Fabiola Date: Abstract: Objectives: To examine the association between skipping breakfast, daily energy, macronutrients and food intakes, and BMI in pre-school children.

Setting: Data obtained from a representative sample n of children born in Quebec Canada in Subjects: One thousand five hundred and forty-nine children, with a mean age of 49 SD 3·12 months. Publisher Full Text Hallström L, Vereeckena CA, Labayen I, et al.

Rampersaud GC: Benefits of Breakfast for Children and Adolescents: Update and Recommendations for Practitioners. Am J Lifestyle Med. Bjørnarå HB, Vik FN, Brug J, et al. Manios Y, Moschonis G, Androutsos O, et al. The ENERGY EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth project.

Vik FN, Bjørnarå HB, Øverby NC, et al. Moreno LA, De Henauw S, Gonzalez-Gross M, et al. Béghin L, Castera M, Manios Y, et al.

Black AE: Critical evaluation of energy intake using the Goldberg cut-off for energy intake:basal metabolic rate. A practical guide to its calculation, use and limitations. Nagy E, Vicente-Rodriguez G, Manios Y, et al. Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM: Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey.

Currie C, Molcho M, Boyce W, et al. Soc Sci Med. Vereecken CA, Covents M, Sichert-Hellet W, et al. Int J Obes. Vynckea K, Cruz Fernandez E, Fajó-Pascuala M, et al. Hagströmer M, Bergman P, De Bourdeaudhuij I, et al.

IPAQ Research Committee: Guidelines for Data Processing and Analysis of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire IPAQ. Reference Source Zilberter T, Zilberter EY: Breakfast: To Skip or Not to Skip?

Front Public Health. Li KK, Concepcion RY, Lee H, et al. J Nutr Educ Behav. Shrewsbury V, Wardle J: Socioeconomic status and adiposity in childhood: a systematic review of cross-sectional studies Obesity Silver Spring.

Afeiche MC, Taillie LS, Hopkins S, et al. J Nutr. Schnohr CW, Kreiner S, Due EP, et al. Soc Indic Res. Publisher Full Text. Comments on this article Comments 0. Version 1. VERSION 1 PUBLISHED 05 Jun ADD YOUR COMMENT. Article Versions 1 version 1. Copyright © Barrett N et al.

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Sciwheel Bibtex EndNote ProCite Ref. Manager RIS Sente. SEE MORE DETAILS. Barrett N, Riordan F, Michels N et al. COPY CITATION DETAILS.

Track an article to receive email alerts on any updates to this article. TRACK THIS ARTICLE. Open Peer Review Current Reviewer Status:? Key to Reviewer Statuses VIEW HIDE Approved The paper is scientifically sound in its current form and only minor, if any, improvements are suggested.

Approved with reservations A number of small changes, sometimes more significant revisions are required to address specific details and improve the papers academic merit. Not approved Fundamental flaws in the paper seriously undermine the findings and conclusions. VERSION 1.

How to cite this report:. NOTE: it is important to ensure the information in square brackets after the title is included in this citation. Reviewer Report 12 Dec Annemien Haveman-Nies , Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

VIEWS READ ALL. This paper is well written and includes interesting results on breakfast consumption of the group of male and female adolescents living in different European cities.

My major comments concern the statistical analysis and presentation of the results. It is important to explain in more detail why and how you conducted specific analyses.

With respect to the results section, please stay focused on your main results. My revisions are described in the comments in the pdf-file, available for download here. Yes Is the study design appropriate and is the work technically sound?

Yes Are sufficient details of methods and analysis provided to allow replication by others? Yes If applicable, is the statistical analysis and its interpretation appropriate? Yes Are all the source data underlying the results available to ensure full reproducibility? Yes Are the conclusions drawn adequately supported by the results?

READ LESS. Haveman-Nies A. Report a concern. Respond or Comment. COMMENT ON THIS REPORT. Reviewer Report 19 Jul Rebecca M. Leech , Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition IPAN , School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Vic, Australia.

Approved with Reservations. While many observational studies have previously examined associations between breakfast skipping and obesity in children and adolescents, this study adds to the literature by providing a thorough exploration of correlates of breakfast skipping in a sample of adolescents drawn from different geographical locations across Europe.

This study thus provides some potential insights into cultural diversity in relation to meal skipping behaviours. A key strength of this study is that it compares two different approaches to classify participants as breakfast skippers and the implications of this are appropriately highlighted in the discussion.

Another strength is the use of two h dietary recalls and the MSM method to determine usual intakes of foods and nutrients. A limitation of the study relates to the ambiguity of the interpretation of the questionnaire item used to determine prevalence of habitual breakfast skipping, however, the authors clearly address this concern in the limitations and strengths section of the discussion.

Overall, this paper is very clearly written and well conducted, however, I do have some queries and comments in relation to the analysis and presentation of results. Major comments Methods Please provide either here or at the beginning of the results section the total number of HELENA participants, the study response rate and whether the study response rate varied substantially by country.

The authors therefore need to address the potential bias that may have been introduced by excluding these participants. This issue should also be addressed in the limitations section of the discussion. Results Table 3: Reported energy intake differs between breakfast skippers and non-skippers.

I would find it useful to also see nutrient and food data, adjusted for energy intake e. intakes per kJ. This would provide a better understanding of differences in indicators diet quality between the two groups. Tables including supplementary tables.

Please ensure that there is consistency in the way that results are presented and the all necessary information about the analysis is provided in the footnotes. Some inconsistencies are noted below - Supplementary table 2 indicates the reference group, using ref.

but other tables do not. Table 2: Please present the number of participants by country. Table 3: Energy intake and physical activity variables have only one line of data and there are no odds ratios provided for the comparison groups.

Please address this. A different approach is used for tables in the main manuscript. based on questionnaire or h recall in the footnotes of each table - Where sample size is further diminished due to participants missing information on covariates, please highlight this for the reader via another footnote.

Supplementary table 1 presents meal specific information determined from the h recall data by breakfast skipping.

However, not all participants consumed breakfast and I assume that not all participants would have two snacks per day. Diet and physical activity While the DQI has been explained in detail elsewhere, please give a brief description of the scoring system and components that relate to quality, diversity and equilibrium.

I am not sure what is meant by crude intakes here. I would assume that medians IQR would be reported for this data? It states in the method that higher scores indicate better diet quality and this statement is not consistent with the conclusions drawn from the study.

Please check and amend accordingly. If is also difficult to understand DQI results without knowing the score ranges for the quintiles. Please provide these in the tables. Partly Is the study design appropriate and is the work technically sound? Partly If applicable, is the statistical analysis and its interpretation appropriate?

Leech RM. Open Peer Review. Reviewer Status. Reviewer Reports. Leech , Deakin University, Geelong, Australia. Annemien Haveman-Nies , Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Alongside their report, reviewers assign a status to the article: Approved - the paper is scientifically sound in its current form and only minor, if any, improvements are suggested.

Approved with reservations - A number of small changes, sometimes more significant revisions are required to address specific details and improve the papers academic merit. Not approved - fundamental flaws in the paper seriously undermine the findings and conclusions.

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Sign In. Sign In Cancel. If you've forgotten your password, please enter your email address below and we'll send you instructions on how to reset your password. Another study among college students at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte reported that almost half Danquah et al. In the study conducted by Lee et al.

This might be attributed to that high-protein breakfast resulted in more stable glucose and insulin than adequate protein breakfast [37]. It was also stated that protein keeps blood sugar levels while carbohydrate is important to offer energy to the body [38, 39].

Worldwide, there is a common thought that missing breakfast causing an increase in the desire for food, which stimulating overeating at following meals and inducing weight gain [10].

Studies show that lunch intake was higher after breakfast skipping []. During , two studies conducted by Clayton et al. These findings revealed that the inaccurate regulation of subjective appetite is a result of an energy deficit. However, it should be noted that subjective appetite sensibilities do not constantly portend following energy assimilation [].

breakfast skipping will be acceptable out of the laboratory atmosphere [48]. Astbury et al. Yet, no variations in the orexigenic hormone ghrelin were reported.

Also, missing breakfast led to an increase in glucose and insulin as a result of the liquefied meal, compared with breakfast eating. In consistent, Gonzalez et al. An ethnic study shows correlation of overweight and obesity in school-going Fijian adolescent girls [52].

A strong and conguous relationship between breakfast skipping and obesity, but not overweight, reported among children in southeastern European population [53]. Breakfast Skipping is associated with the Risk of Obesity in School-aged Children [54].

Surprisingly, in lean people, skipping breakfast for 6 weeks increased the activity of genes that helped them to burn fat but this effect was not seen in obese adults [55]. A positive association between skipping breakfast, overweight and obesity is globally observed regardless of cultural diversity [56].

Eating of breakfast in all populations may be beneficial. Huang et. al [57] also supported with the potential role of breakfast eating in obesity prevention.

Obesity and heart disease claimed in a recent study showing that those who skipped breakfast increased their chance for hardening or narrowing their heart's arteries [58]. Gender may play a key part in breakfast skipping behaviors.

Among adults, skipping meals may be linked to excess bodyweight, hypertension, insulin resistance, and elevated fasting lipid concentrations. A relationship study between skipping breakfast and CVD risk factors such as blood pressure, serum lipids, smoking, and lock of exercise shows equivalent nature to lack of exercise, smoking, high blood pressure, and high serum total cholesterol [62].

More interestingly, a study in Brazil reflects Skipping breakfast is related to cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents, and this relationship was mainly mediated by trunk fatness [63].

However cardiovascular risk was found to associated with both skipping breakfast and late dinner [1]. Also, commendatory changes in cardiovascular risk factors have been reported by regular Korean traditional diet for 12 wk in hypertensive and diabetic patients [64].

al [65]. An IRB approved study by Harvard School of Public Health Boston, MA reveals an increased risk of T2D in men even after adjustment for BMI [66]. A lower risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus T2DM and metabolic syndrome, prompting interest in the influence of breakfast on carbohydrate metabolism and indicators of T2DM risk [67].

Skipping breakfast was closely associated with annual changes in BMI and WC among men, and eating breakfast more than four times per week may prevent the excessive body weight gain associated with skipping breakfast [71].

Also, development of metabolic inflexibility reported in response to prolonged fasting that may in the long-term lead to low-grade inflammation and impaired glucose homeostasis [72].

Glucose is the main fuel for brain function, and optimal cognitive function requires the maintenance of a stable blood glucose level [74]. Breakfast has a direct effect on blood glucose levels and, in turn, blood glucose levels have a direct effect on cognitive function []. In general, the brain performs best when the blood glucose level is in the range of 80?

With the gradual depletion of blood glucose and, consequently, energy consumption, people begin to feel hunger and fatigue and experience a decline in cognitive function [78].

A number of studies have reported that skipping breakfast lowers cognitive function and work efficiency []. Breakfast skipping has been considered an important determinant of an unhealthy lifestyle including alcohol use, smoking, and sedentary lifestyle, as well as low educational attainment, mood changes, and depressive symptoms [83].

Rate of depression has increased recently and association between the frequency of eating breakfast and depression in adults found in a recent study. Lack of breakfast consumption is also associated with depression among adults with different socioeconomic factors [84].

Children who habitually consume breakfast are more likely to have favorable nutrient intakes including higher intake of dietary fiber, total carbohydrate and lower total fat and cholesterol. Beneficial effects reported by Katie et.

On the other hand, skipping breakfast and taking meals irregularly were associated with the prevalence of fatigue in medical students [86]. Female breakfast skippers display a disrupted cortisol rhythm and elevated blood pressure [87].

Habitual breakfast skippers would display a similar pattern of circulating cortisol and alterations in meal and stress-induced cortisol reactions.

Skipping breakfast adversely affects menstrual disorders as reported in 2 different studies in young college students of Japan and Palestine []. Women from developed countries are times more likely to have IBS than men [91, 92].

A study in Japan shows fasting L of fluid each day, along with some nutrition through their vein improves pain, discomfort, abdominal distension, diarrhea, anorexia, nausea and anxiety in IBS [93]. But breakfast is strictly recommended along with regular meal pattern in patients with IBS-C because it stimulates colon and increase bowel movement [].

One in three skip meal in order to get ready for the day [96]. Frequent deviation in meal timing over a prolonged period appears associated with increased risk of developing HP infection and gastritis [].

Skipping meals, leaving the stomach empty except for stomach acid, can create feelings of nausea [].

Background: We aimed to examine the associations between energy and skippimg intakes at intakee and the incidence of cardiovascular macronuutrient among Breakfast skipping and macronutrient intake adults. Methods: There macronutrent 12, participants from the China Breakfast skipping and macronutrient intake Importance of glycemic load Nutrition Macromutrient who met skiipping study criteria and completed six rounds of questionnaires in,and Combined weighing methods with h dietary recall were used to measure dietary intake throughout the day. Intakes of macronutrients at breakfast were calculated using energy provided by nutrients as a percentage of breakfast energy. We calculated hazard ratios using a multivariable Cox frailty model with random intercepts to account for household clustering. Results: During follow-up, we documented 3. The present study aimed to test whether the daily minutes Anticancer supplements guide moderate-to-vigorous Breakfast skipping and macronutrient intake activity Znd engaged moderate Breakfast skipping and macronutrient intake relationship between breakfast status and excess weight i. Physical Activity Breakvast for Soipping Children and the Breakfadt Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents intzke fulfilled to offer an estimation of the minutes of MVPA that individuals had in the last seven days. Body mass index BMI was converted into z-scores and, therefore, excess weight status i. Skipping breakfast was positively related with BMI z-score and excess weight. Conclusion : Our results indicate that promotion of having breakfast should be accompanied by daily MVPA, as young participants who have breakfast and with higher daily MVPA seem to be more likely to have no excess weight.

Author: Nidal

3 thoughts on “Breakfast skipping and macronutrient intake

  1. Ich tue Abbitte, dass sich eingemischt hat... Mir ist diese Situation bekannt. Man kann besprechen.

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