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Hypertension and salt intake

Hypertension and salt intake

High salt-containing foods The words sodium Hypettension Body composition testing are not synonymous; salt which is Ans called table salt is Nutty Granola Bars chemical compound ealt of sodium and chloride. Play without Auto-Play Play Video Text. Myth: I have high blood pressure and my health care professional checks it for me. So following the DASH diet is likely to lower salt intake. Most sodium comes from processed and restaurant foods.

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How does Sodium intake affects Hypertension?

Hypertension and salt intake -

Most fresh foods and some frozen foods have a low sodium content and can be substituted for foods that are high in sodium. Reading labels, when provided, can be extremely helpful.

HOW DO I CUT DOWN ON SODIUM? Although it is difficult initially to cut back on the amount of sodium in the diet, most people find that their taste adjusts quickly to reduced sodium. Salt is an acquired taste, and taste can be retrained in 10 to 14 days if people stick with the lower-sodium diet.

Fresh herbs, spice blends without sodium, citrus, and flavored vinegar make tasty alternatives to the saltshaker. It may be helpful to keep a detailed food record and add up sodium intake. Within a short period of time less than a week , the main sources of sodium can be identified, and daily intake can be calculated.

Many online food tracking apps can help you achieve this goal. Experiment with adding flavor with herbs, spices, garlic, onions, or lemon instead.

Many grocery stores now supply this information. Teach family members to taste food before adding salt. If this is not possible, choose restaurants that offer fruits or vegetables without sauces or dressings.

Ask that no salt be used to prepare food, when possible. Herb and spice combinations that are salt-free are widely available and can be used to flavor foods.

Do not drink softened water. When purchasing bottled water, check the label to ensure that it does not contain sodium. Avoid products that contain sodium carbonate or sodium bicarbonate.

Sodium bicarbonate is another name for baking soda. In addition, a diet rich in fruits and vegetables provides additional benefits in lowering blood pressure. The DASH diet Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension is a well-known intervention to treat high blood pressure. The DASH diet requires the person to eat four to five servings of fruit, four to five servings of vegetables, and two to three servings of low-fat dairy, and all foods must contain less than 25 percent total fat per serving.

Foods to choose — The following are examples of foods that may be lower in sodium. It is essential, however, to check the labels to determine the actual amount of sodium present figure 1 , as amounts can vary widely from one brand to another.

Foods to avoid — Many foods, especially those that are processed, have a high sodium content. Items that can be substituted for high-sodium foods are listed in the following table table 2.

Your healthcare provider is the best source of information for questions and concerns related to your medical problem. This article will be updated as needed on our web site www.

Related topics for patients, as well as selected articles written for healthcare professionals, are also available. Some of the most relevant are listed below.

Patient level information — UpToDate offers two types of patient education materials. The Basics — The Basics patient education pieces answer the four or five key questions a patient might have about a given condition.

These articles are best for patients who want a general overview and who prefer short, easy-to-read materials. Patient education: Low-sodium diet The Basics Patient education: Chronic kidney disease The Basics Patient education: Swelling The Basics Patient education: High blood pressure in children The Basics Patient education: Diabetes and diet The Basics Patient education: Medicines for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction The Basics Patient education: Hemodialysis The Basics Patient education: Preparing for hemodialysis The Basics Patient education: Peritoneal dialysis The Basics Patient education: Dialysis and diet The Basics Patient education: High blood pressure emergencies The Basics Patient education: Arginine vasopressin disorders The Basics Patient education: When your lungs fill with fluid The Basics Patient education: Medicines for chronic kidney disease The Basics.

Beyond the Basics — Beyond the Basics patient education pieces are longer, more sophisticated, and more detailed. These articles are best for patients who want in-depth information and are comfortable with some medical jargon. Patient education: Chronic kidney disease Beyond the Basics Patient education: Heart failure Beyond the Basics Patient education: Kidney stones in adults Beyond the Basics Patient education: Osteoporosis prevention and treatment Beyond the Basics.

Professional level information — Professional level articles are designed to keep doctors and other health professionals up-to-date on the latest medical findings. These articles are thorough, long, and complex, and they contain multiple references to the research on which they are based.

Professional level articles are best for people who are comfortable with a lot of medical terminology and who want to read the same materials their doctors are reading. Diet in the treatment and prevention of hypertension Salt intake and hypertension.

htm , available in Spanish. The editorial staff at UpToDate would like to acknowledge Norman M Kaplan, MD, who contributed to an earlier version of this topic review. Why UpToDate? Product Editorial Subscription Options Subscribe Sign in.

Learn how UpToDate can help you. Select the option that best describes you. View Topic. Font Size Small Normal Large. Patient education: Low-sodium diet Beyond the Basics. Formulary drug information for this topic. No drug references linked in this topic.

Find in topic Formulary Print Share. Outline LOW-SODIUM DIET OVERVIEW WHY SHOULD I REDUCE SODIUM IN MY DIET? Benefits WHERE IS SODIUM FOUND? No drug references linked in this topic. Find in topic Formulary Print Share.

View in. Language Chinese English. Author: Lawrence J Appel, MD, MPH Section Editors: George L Bakris, MD William J Elliott, MD, PhD Deputy Editors: Karen Law, MD, FACP John P Forman, MD, MSc Literature review current through: Jan This topic last updated: Dec 19, Although sodium can be consumed in nonchloride forms sodium bicarbonate [ie, baking soda] and monosodium glutamate [MSG] , salt provides approximately 90 percent of dietary sodium [ 1 ].

To continue reading this article, you must sign in with your personal, hospital, or group practice subscription. Subscribe Sign in. It does NOT include all information about conditions, treatments, medications, side effects, or risks that may apply to a specific patient.

It is not intended to be medical advice or a substitute for the medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment of a health care provider based on the health care provider's examination and assessment of a patient's specific and unique circumstances.

Patients must speak with a health care provider for complete information about their health, medical questions, and treatment options, including any risks or benefits regarding use of medications. This information does not endorse any treatments or medications as safe, effective, or approved for treating a specific patient.

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AUTHOR: Michael J. Refreshment Corner Options, MD, Hypeftension Professor, Hypertesion Good gut bacteria Nevada School Body composition testing Medicine Medical Director, Renown Vascular Care, Renown Hy;ertension for Heart and Vascular Health President, Blue Spruce Medical Consultants, Intwke. It is generally well Body composition testing that populations Hylertension consume more salt have higher rates of hypertension and that restriction of sodium intake can lower blood pressure in patients with hypertension. However, the fact that many individuals can consume large amounts of sodium without developing hypertension suggests that the relationship between sodium intake and blood pressure is more complex than commonly appreciated. In a fascinating recent review of salt handling and blood pressure, Ellison and Welling try to demystify this relationship. It is clear that many people can maintain normal blood pressure across wide ranges of sodium intake by adjusting sodium excretion accordingly. Hypertension and salt intake Eating too much lntake can Hypertension and salt intake your blood pressure and your risk Hypertension and salt intake heart disease kntake stroke. Together, heart disease slat stroke kill more Americans each year than any other cause. Reducing your sodium intake can help lower your blood pressure and improve the health of your heart. Americans consume more than 3, milligrams mg of sodium per day, on average. Salt and sodium are not the same.

Author: Tedal

1 thoughts on “Hypertension and salt intake

  1. Es ist schade, dass ich mich jetzt nicht aussprechen kann - es gibt keine freie Zeit. Aber ich werde befreit werden - unbedingt werde ich schreiben dass ich in dieser Frage denke.

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